Yellow corn is a variety of sweet corn. Its ears are wrapped in tightly bound lime-hued husks with silks and a tassel that extends out from the tip. The yellow kernels are packed in tight, almost uniform rows. A single ear of corn can contain up to 400 kernels. Freshly harvested yellow corn at its peak ripeness is sweet, offering flavors of almond and sugar, the kernels so succulent, the skin pops as you bite into it. As the corn matures, the kernels lose their milky consistency, giving way to a starchy and doughy consistency. At this point, corn is considered a grain crop and is best suited for processing or feedstock.
Yellow corn is a significant resource of Vitamin A. As corn kernels mutated from white to yellow, they acquired chemicals called cartenoids. Of these cartenoids is beta-carotene, which produces Vitamin A. Very little attention has been emphasized on yellow corn's significant beta-carotene levels until the early 21st Century. Yellow corn, easy to grow in developing regions of Africa and Latin America, where corn is heavily relied upon as a food source, could actually keep millions of children from going blind. Yellow corn is now being bred to have at least 10 times higher the amount of beta-carotene than average sweet corn varieties.
The less sweet corn is cooked, the better the flavor and texture. Yellow corn can be roasted, grilled, blanched, steamed, or pureed. Its bright and sweet flavors lend well to pastas and salads. It pairs well with tomatoes, basil cilantro, lobster, pork, chiles, truffles, shelled beans, cream, nutty cheeses, peas, summer squash, fennel, citrus, and scallops. Yellow corn is dried and ground into flour for baked goods, tortillas, cereals and used as a crust/crisping agent for dishes both savory and sweet. Corn is also used for oil, as a sweetener in foods and beverages, and as a base for beverage alcohol.
Sweet corn is available year-round.